TG/DTG-DSC and high temperature in-situ XRD analysis of natural thaumasite

Kostova, B and Petkova, V and Kostov, Vl and Tzvetanova, Y and Avdeev, G (2021) TG/DTG-DSC and high temperature in-situ XRD analysis of natural thaumasite. Thermochimica Acta (697). pp. 1-8. ISSN 0040-6031

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This paper investigated thermal properties of natural thaumasite, such as phase composition and reaction mechanism of thermal decomposition using simultaneous TG/DTG-DSC in Ar and Air medium up to 1673 K, coupled with masspectrometer for analysis of evolving gases, and in-situ powder X-ray diffraction measurements. The transitional solid phases, grown with increasing of temperature at thaumasite thermal decomposition, are calcium hydrogen carbonate (Ca(HCO3)2) and hydrogen sulphate (Ca(HSO4)2), calcite, anhydrite, calcium silicates (wolastonite and larnite), calcium silico-carbonate (spurrite), and calcium silico-sulphate (ternesite). The thermal decomposition in both gaseous media includes the stages of dehydration, dehydroxylation, dacarbonation and desulphuration with obtaining a solid residue of varying degrees of crystallinity. The main solid phase, grown at the highest temperatures, is larnite.

Based on the obtained results it was proposed the scheme of chemical reactions, which presents the reaction mechanism of thaumasite thermal decomposition. The defined scheme has both fundamental importance by adding new details of reference data, and practical application for thaumasite identification in chemical archaeology, and in the chemistry of cement and cement-based materials.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:History.Archaeology > Archaeology
Medicine and biology > Natural sciences
ID Code:4328
Deposited By: PhD Bilyana Kostova
Deposited On:02 Mar 2021 13:36
Last Modified:02 Mar 2021 13:36

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