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Words' connotations and semantic construals

Kasabov, Ivan (2012) Words' connotations and semantic construals. In: Alternate construals in language and linguistics. Philologica Wratislaviensia. Acta et studia (8). Philological School of Higher Education in Wroclaw, Wroclaw, pp. 161-174. ISBN 9788360097144

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Abstract

Within a semantic approach to different aspects of language experience language phenomena need to be revealed in their significance. In particular, what should be clarified is the common sign-structures of things and words at three different levels: of theoretical form, of actual existence and of socio-cultural values. This will help overcome the main referential illusion of dealing with “existent objects” irrelevant to their significance, or the sign-valued understanding. Respectively, the illusionary semantic study of word-meanings irrespective of their anthropological, social and psychological value-connotations would be avoided. The claim in this paper is that in human experience we have access to actual objects via sensations of physical, material character but we perceive or apprehend these objects as signs. Without being a sign, an object is not recognizable, nor communicable or understandable. This means that to become a sign, every single object has to identify some other object or any object like it, or be understood as presented in its specific features in an actual act of communication of any form. Such objects are predicative signs of speech or thought. A thing obtains its reality as an object on the level of cultural values or social functions as a sign-type with its own name, meaning and connotations. These connotations as values of meanings (or of values) govern the dynamics of object and word-transformations. As a result of a connotative analysis of word semantics, it may be possible to clarify the general types of word meaning: iconic-metaphorical, object-symbolical and symbolic-allegorical. Finally, it is necessary to extract the main semantic features (or marks), understood as named substantiated qualities like soundness, lightness (darkness), substantiality, formality, corporeality, humanity, etc. in their construal function as words’ iconic etymons. On these grounds – on the grounds of sign-words’ meanings – it is possible to build lexico-semantic architectonic categorization and systematization of words’ meanings in order to establish a lexico-grammatical system of language and to understand lexico-semantic development of values, transformations of meanings and word-formation processes.

Item Type:Book Section
Subjects:Language. Linguistics. Literature > Language
ID Code:2089
Deposited By: проф. д.н. Иван Касабов
Deposited On:23 Jan 2014 11:37
Last Modified:30 Jan 2014 08:25

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